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Fleas can lead to hair loss in dogs as a result of frequent scratching and biting, and in extreme cases fleas can cause anemia (low red blood cells).
Thoroughly and regularly clean areas where fleas and flea eggs are found.
Vacuum floors, rugs, carpets, upholstered furniture, and crevices around baseboards and cabinets daily or every other day.
Vacuuming is very effective in picking up adults and stimulating pre-emerged adults to leave their cocoons.
Flea eggs can survive and develop inside vacuum bags and adults may be able to escape to the outside, so immediately destroy bags by burning or by sealing them in a plastic trash bag and placing them in a covered trash container.
Launder pet bedding in hot, soapy water at least once a week.
It is important that the pet be treated in conjunction with the premises, preferably on the same day.
Adult fleas spend virtually their entire life on the animal -- not in the carpet. Untreated pets will continue to be bothered by fleas.
They may also transport fleas in from outdoors, eventually overcoming the effectiveness of the insecticide applied inside the home.
Trim lawns and weeds to create a drier, less-ideal environment for flea larvae.
Avoid piles of sand and gravel around the home for long periods of time.
Fence yards to prevent dogs from roaming freely in heavily infested areas or contacting other infested animals.
Discourage nesting or roosting of rodents and birds on or near the premises. Screen or seal vents, chimneys, crevices, etc. where rats, mice, squirrels, raccoons, chipmunks, etc. may use to enter crawlspaces and buildings.
Wash or destroy pet bedding, regularly groom pets and vacuum frequently to remove up to 95 percent of the flea eggs, some larvae and adults.
Only about 20 percent of the larvae might be removed when vacuuming since they wrap themselves around the bottom strands of carpeting.